"As the name implies, they're rings that allow you to move freely through time...But only to the future. We can only go to the future, and then back to the timeline from which we came."
The Time Rings (時の指輪 Toki no Yubiwa) are accessories of the Supreme Kai which enable them to travel through time. They are normally used to observe future events in their main timeline.
The Time Rings have several special abilities, unlike the Time Machines created by Capsule Corporation, the Time Ring allows for "natural" time travel, and so does not create alternate timelines when used. Additionally, a wearer of a Time Ring will be granted acausality, and so even if their past were to be altered somehow - they would not be affected, as shown with the case of the original present Zamasu, as while the Zamasu from the altered main timeline was killed by Beerus due to Future Trunks altering the timeline, the original present Zamasu still continued to exist with his unaltered history thanks to his Time Ring.
It had been said that the Time Ring were used and only worn by the Supreme Kais who often used them to travel through time. Sharing a Potara earring with a Supreme Kai is required in order for anyone to use the Time Ring, as explained by Gowasu. Despite this, they're only used in very rare occasions, and the last time it was used in Universe 10 was 400 years before Gowasu became a Supreme Kai apprentice.
Green time rings represent the creation of alternate timelines. Thus, the number of green rings indicate how many people have traveled into the past. A new ring is created whenever another person modifies the past. There are 4 green time rings and a silver one implying there are 5 timelines, however it could be that the silver time ring is the one for the timeline it came from, while the green rings are possible timelines one can travel to. So the silver ring can travel to the timelines of any of the 4 rings (Timeline 1, 2, 3, and 4). Meaning there are actually only 4 timelines. If a silver ring is destroyed, the corresponding green ones will be too, making travelling to the corresponding timeline via time rings no longer possible, but other time-travelling methods still work. For example, after Future Zeno had erased everything within his timeline (including its time ring box containing its silver ring), Goku and Future Trunks were still able to return to pick him up.
The Time Ring is reactive to a disturbance in time that has been recently altered by an individual. Once the Time Ring is activated, a warp is created in the form of a dark portal, allowing the user to travel between past, present and/or future altered destinations for a short period of time, before the distortion in time and space returns to normal, pulling the user back to its original plane, sealing off that era of time.
Goku Black used the power of the Time Ring to find Future Trunks in the present timeline after he escaped using his Time Machine, but could only stay for a small amount of time before being forced back. Black only managed to go back in time because the Time Machine's journey into the past created a distortion in time and space which the Time Ring reacted to and opened a portal into the past era.
According to Whis, the Time Rings are only used to travel to the future and then return to the present. Using the ring to travel to the past should be theoretically impossible and the user cannot travel back through time on their own free will. Also, only the Supreme Kais are allowed to wear them.
According to Beerus, if a god alters history, it would affect the future of a different timeline. Goku Black is the Zamasu of the same timeline in which he was killed by Beerus in the present, but due to wearing the Time Ring he was unaffected by changes in the past. Future Zamasu was the Zamasu of Future Trunks' timeline so he was not affected by present-day Zamasu's death with a new time ring being created as a result.
In the manga, the erasure of a timeline's multiverse has also been shown to lead to that multiverse's time ring being destroyed, as is the case with Future Trunks' original timeline. Possibly due to Universe 10's erasure the Time Rings being stored away would be gone as well.
Video Game Appearances
During the Warrior of Hope Saga from the Super Pack 4 DLC, the Time Rings are shown to react to the presence of Time Patrollers who have traveled through time using a Time Scroll alerting Goku Black and Future Zamasu to the two Future Warriors' identities as time travelers and it is implied that they are aware of their connection to the Supreme Kai of Time (as in the Extra Pack 1 DLC Future Zamasu is revealed to have heard of Chronoa and knows of her position as Supreme Kai of Time). Elder Kai and Chronoa warn the Future Warriors to be careful as the Time Rings can allow Black and Future Zamasu to follow them through time thus they must be careful when returning to Age 852 to prevent Black and/or Future Zamasu from following them back to the Time Nest as the two would likely seek to gain control of the Time Vault to use as part of their Zero Mortals Plan if given the opportunity. This implies that the Time Rings are normally unable to travel to the Time Nest unless circumvented by following a Time Patroller back to it. Presumably this may be a safeguard to prevent the Time Rings from being misused or Chronoa uses her power to prevent the Time Rings from accessing the Time Nest which is likely especially in light of Black and Future Zamasu's misuse of Time Rings as part of their Zero Mortals Plan. Additionally like in the anime, Goku Black travels to the main timeline using the time distortion created by Future Trunks' Time Machine. Thanks to the efforts of the 2nd Future Warrior, they hold off Black long enough for the time distortion to correct itself causing him to be sucked back into the future timeline, though he resists long enough to destroy the Time Machine, though this restores the correct timeline.
- The ring possesses an infinity symbol almost identical to that of the Time Breakers' logo.